The core competences of a mountain guide are risk management, guiding, communication and didactics as well as technical skills. In all sectors he/she demonstrate the highest possible levels of professionalism.
The tasks of a mountain guide are especially guiding, accompanying, advising, teaching and training of clients in alpine terrain. The executed activities do mainly take place in natural environments, however, artificial infrastructures and activities are also subject to certain dangers. One of the main tasks of the mountain guide is to protect his clients and himself with concrete measures (recognising, planning, tactics and application of suitable belaying techniques) as effectively as possible from dangers during the execution of these activities. For this reason he reduces the risk regularly by his specialist know-how and his large competence to act to the below defined “subjective and objective residual risks”.
The applied risk management to reduce the risk is a continuous process that takes place during planning, realisation and reflection with subsequent improvement. The mountain guide is aware of a certain risk that always remains, even after having taken protective measures. It is his job to inform the clients about the remaining residual risk.
Subjective residual risk:
The subjective residual risk of a mountain sports activity is the residual risk that has to be accepted by the person executing mountain sports. If he/she and persons indirectly and directly involved carry out the activity normally associated with the engagement of this type of mountain sport.
Objective residual risk:
Objective residual risk is present when exterior circumstances including environmental factors continually present maximally average risk exposure concerning objective dangers.
The “subjective and objective residual risk“ is usually less than the “general risk“ when executing the corresponding mountain sports activity because, not all people who carry out mountain sports dispose of enough competences to use the recognised rules of the types of mountain sports according to the situation and do not have enough specialist know-how to assess the objective dangers.